No two brain injuries are alike and the severity of each kind will affect how easily one is able to recover. Depending on the area of the brain that is damaged, this will determine the symptoms a person exhibits and whether or not the effects are permanent. Generally, brain injuries are comprised of a mix of both primary and secondary injuries. The more severe an individual’s initial injury is, the more likely the secondary injuries will produce major effects on his or her overall outcome.
What Are Primary Injuries?
Primary injuries are those that are sustained at the time of the accident, including:
- Intracranial hematomas: This type of injury involves the rupture of blood vessels, which can lead to the collection of blood in brain tissue or in empty spaces. There are different types of hematoma one can suffer from, including epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hematoma, and intraventricular hemorrhage.
- Skull fractures: This type of injury can create a path for infection to occur and can result in direct damage to the brain. Different types of skull fractures include linear skull fractures, depressed skull fractures, and basilar skull fractures. Linear skull fractures are not usually treated surgical and generally only require monitoring.
- Contusions: A contusion is basically a bruise. In the context of a traumatic brain injury, it is a bruise that the brain tissue sustains.
- Diffuse axonal injury (DAI): This usually results from rotational forces and, unlike brain trauma that can occur from a direct blow to the head, DAI is the result of the twisting and tearing of the connections between the cells of one’s brain.
What Are Secondary Injuries?
Secondary brain injuries are caused by metabolic and physiological changes that begin at the time of the initial injury. They can last anywhere from a few hours to several days. Examples of secondary injuries include:
- Hypoxia and hypotension
- Cerebral edema
- Second impact syndrome, which is an extremely rare outcome where death or a severe neurological injury occurs after an individual sustains a second concussion
Speak to a Catastrophic Injury Attorney Today!
If you or a loved one suffered a traumatic brain injury that was caused by another party’s negligence, you need to secure skilled legal representation as soon as possible to ensure you are able to obtain the compensation you deserve. At Pratt Clay, LLC, our team of catastrophic injury attorneys in Atlanta is dedicated to fighting on behalf of the wrongfully injured and will do what it takes to hold the responsible party accountable for their actions.