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Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) vs. Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)

In general, brain injuries fall into two categories depending on whether the harm was caused by external factors or internal factors. Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and acquired brain injuries (ABI) both impact the functionality of the brain and can cause significant damage. Although both of these types of injuries affect the brain, they differ in their causes, results, and treatment.

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries and Acquired Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries are caused by external factors, often some kind of trauma to the head. This may include hits, penetration, or excessive force. Some of the most common causes of TBI are motor vehicle accidents, construction accidents, pedestrian accidents, and slip and fall accidents.

Traumatic brain injuries may result from:

  • Falls
  • Violence
  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Sports

Conversely, acquired brain injuries — also called non-traumatic brain injuries — are caused by internal factors such as strokes, tumors, and diseases. In most acquired brain injury cases, the brain is damaged because of a lack of sufficient oxygen. Acquired brain injuries can be caused by the negligence of doctors, and may be the subject of medical malpractice claims.

The causes of acquired brain injuries may include:

  • Tumors
  • Illnesses
  • Contamination
  • Stroke

Traumatic Brain Injury and Acquired Brain Injury Damages

TBI and ABI each affect the brain differently and have varying levels of severity. Every brain injury case varies and will require a different treatment plan. Depending on a victim’s circumstances, they may require surgery, medication, or a medical device to treat their injury. Brain injuries can be mild and cause moderate limitations to victims or be severe and completely debilitating. In general, the damages that result from all brain injuries will include medical bills, lost wages, and non-economic damages, but the level of damage can vary widely between cases.

People who have sustained a brain injury (of any type) may be entitled to compensation if their injury was caused by another person’s negligence. The families of people with a brain injury could also be entitled to compensation for the ways the injury has impacted them, especially in cases of wrongful death. If you or a loved one sustained a brain injury because of another person’s negligence, contact Pratt Clay, LLC.

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